Information Only: Executive Function – Cognitive Science Research and Innovation Work Group

This article is for information only.  This innovative Work Group is no longer taking applications.

Some people describe executive function (EF) as “the management system of the brain.” That’s because the skills involved let us set goals, plan, and get things done. EF includes three categories: inhibitory control, working memory and attention shifting/cognitive flexibility.


EF predicts maths achievement as well as success in school broadly (Clements, Sarama, and Germeroth 2016). Most teachers rate EF components as important for maths thinking and learning, and these ratings increase with teaching experience (Gilmore 2014).

Camilla Gilmore and Ruth Trundley introduce Executive Function and Mathematics

In this half-hour recorded webinar Professor Camilla Gilmore, and Dr Ruth Trundley discuss executive function and mathematics, using observations of a child working on a maths problem to illustrate inhibitory control, working memory and attention shifting/cognitive flexibility.

  • Professor Camilla Gilmore –  Professor of Mathematical Cognition at Loughborough University.
  • Dr Ruth Trundley Jurassic Maths Maths Hub Primary Lead and Babcock Primary Maths Adviser.
                        Once you have selected the video below please click on the black screen to start.
What is involved?

Aimed at Primary and Early Years Practitioners, this is an action-research Work Group focussed on the following questions:
• How can maths tasks be varied by attending to executive function?
• Does supporting the development of executive function improve understanding in mathematics?
Participants will work together to consider how to modify tasks, to increase/decrease executive demand. They will put this into action in their own classrooms, then share and reflect on observations of the impact on both the mathematics explored and the resulting mathematical understanding of their learners. We are running this programme online to allow access across the hub region.

What are the benefits?

✔ Understand executive function
✔ Understand how to modify maths tasks in order to increase or decrease executive demand
✔ Improve their ability to exercise inhibitory control, utilise working memory effectively and work flexibly, shifting attention as needed, leading to improved mathematical understanding
Contributing to the body of research
✔ The findings of the Work Group will be shared so that they can inform practice across and beyond the hub, hopefully leading to further research.

The wider context

Research indicates that working on executive function within mathematics benefits both EF skills and mathematical understanding. One of the ways to do this is to insert executive challenge into everyday mathematics.
Teachers have also been considering what it means to work at a deeper level in mathematics and attending to executive function may provide a framework for achieving understanding at a greater depth.